Tran et al. (2013) Biosensors and Bioelectronics 43, 245–251
The rising prevalence to food allergies in the past two decades, together with the fact that the only existing therapy is avoidance of allergen-containing food next to the implementation of anti-allergic drugs, urges the need for improved performance of current assays to detect potential allergens in food products. Therein, the focus has been on aptamer-based biosensors in recent years. In this paper we report for the first time the selection of aptamers against one of the most important peanut allergens, Ara h 1. Several Ara h1 DNA aptamers were selected after eight selection rounds using capillary electrophoresis (CE)-SELEX. The selected aptamers specifically recognized Ara h 1 and did not significantly bind with other proteins, including another peanut allergen Ara h 2. The dissociation constant of a best performing aptamer was in the nanomolar range as determined independently by three different approaches, which are surface plasmon resonance, fluorescence anisotropy, and capillary electrophoresis (353±82 nM, 419±63 nM, and 450±60 nM, respectively). Furthermore, the selected aptamer was used for bioassay development on a home-built fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (FO-SPR) biosensor platform for detecting Ara h 1 protein in both buffer and food matrix samples demonstrating its real potential for the development of novel, more accurate aptamer-based biosensors. In conclusion, the reported aptamer holds a great potential for the detection of Ara h 1 in both the medical field and the food sector due to its high affinity and specificity for the target protein.