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Development and validation of an optical biosensor for rapid monitoring of adalimumab in serum of patients with Crohn’s disease

By January 29, 2024No Comments

Bian et al. (2017) RPTH 7, doi: 10.1002/dta.2250

Therapeutic drug monitoring of adalimumab is recommended to improve therapeutic outcome in patients with Crohn’s disease. Performing an ELISA requires a rather long time-to-result and the necessity of collecting multiple samples to decrease the cost per adalimumab determination. In this study, we aim to develop and validate a rapid assay suitable for measuring a single adalimumab serum sample using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance (FO-SPR) based sensor. Therefore, we have immobilized MA-ADM28B8 as capture antibody on an FO-probe and conjugated MA-ADM40D8 as detecting antibody to gold nanoparticles. A dose–response curve ranging from 2.5 to 40 ng/mL adalimumab was obtained in 1/400 diluted serum. Serum samples of patients with adalimumab concentrations between 1 and 16 μg/mL were measured whereas the negative control, a sample spiked with infliximab at a concentration of 16 μg/mL, showed no significant signal. Using a pre-functionalized FO-probe, the technology requires less than 45 minutes for measuring a single sample. Comparison of measurements between the biosensor and the ELISA revealed an excellent agreement with a Pearson r coefficient of 0.99 and an intra-class coefficient of 0.99. The reduced assay time and the possibility of measuring a single sample are major advantages compared to the ELISA. The developed and validated optical adalimumab biosensor could be a valuable point-of-care diagnostic tool for adalimumab quantification in patients with Crohn’s disease.